Cara Memperbaiki Kesalahan Pembaruan Windows

 Cara Memperbaiki Kesalahan Pembaruan Windows



Sejak rilis Windows 10 dan pergeseran Microsoft ke model perangkat lunak sebagai layanan untuk sistem operasi andalan mereka, pembaruan telah datang dengan cepat dan tebal. Setidaknya setahun sekali Microsoft merilis pembaruan besar untuk Windows 10, apakah Anda menginginkannya atau tidak. Ada juga banyak pembaruan kecil yang berkisar dari tambalan keamanan kritis hingga perubahan kecil dan kosmetik yang lebih sepele.


Ketika semuanya bekerja dengan benar, Anda hampir tidak akan tahu apa pun yang terjadi sama sekali. Namun, ketika kesalahan pembaruan Windows terjadi, hasilnya bisa berupa apa saja mulai dari pembaruan yang diblokir hingga komputer yang tidak lagi berfungsi!

Daftar isi


Periksa apakah Anda Memiliki Kesalahan Pembaruan


Jika Anda menduga ada semacam kesalahan Pembaruan Windows di komputer Anda, Anda dapat mengonfirmasinya dengan memeriksa status pembaruan Anda:

 1. Buka Menu Mulai.

 2. Ketik Periksa Pembaruan lalu pilih.

 3. Lihat status pembaruan Windows, jika ada kesalahan harus dicantumkan di sini.


Jika tidak, Anda akan melihat tanda centang hijau dan pesan bahwa Anda terbarui. Meskipun mungkin tidak ada kesalahan langsung, Anda mungkin melihat indikasi bahwa pembaruan terakhir Anda masih tertunda, gagal diunduh, atau gagal dipasang. Solusi yang akan kami bahas di bawah ini dapat membantu Anda menangani semua variasi ini.


Perhatikan Kode Error Update (Jika Ada)


Saat memeriksa status pembaruan Anda, catat kode kesalahan pembaruan Windows apa pun yang dapat Anda lihat. Anda dapat mencari di Google kode-kode ini untuk mencari tahu apa alasan spesifik pembaruan Anda tidak berfungsi.


Kode kesalahan biasanya memiliki bentuk seperti “0x80070070​” dan mungkin ada lebih dari satu yang terlibat. Jika Anda memasukkan ini ke mesin pencari, Anda kemungkinan akan mendapatkan jawaban yang tepat tentang apa yang salah.


Periksa Pembaruan Terjebak atau Gagal


Meskipun Anda mungkin tidak melihat kesalahan yang sebenarnya dengan kode kesalahan, itu tidak berarti Anda tidak memiliki masalah. Windows menyimpan catatan riwayat pembaruan Anda, yang memudahkan untuk memeriksa apa yang telah terjadi sejak Anda pergi.

 1. Buka Start Menu dan pilih roda gigi pengaturan.

 2. Pilih Perbarui & Keamanan lalu Pembaruan Windows.

 3. Selanjutnya, pilih Lihat Riwayat Pembaruan.


Di sini Anda dapat melihat apakah ada yang mencoba mengunduh atau menginstal dan kemudian gagal. Terkadang sifat pembaruan itu sendiri dapat memberi Anda petunjuk tentang masalah tertentu.


Sebelum Anda Melakukan Apa Pun, Nyalakan Ulang


Pada titik ini Anda telah memeriksa status pembaruan Anda dan Anda telah mencatat kode kesalahan apa pun yang mungkin muncul, tetapi apa yang harus Anda lakukan terlebih dahulu untuk menyelesaikan kesalahan pembaruan Windows? Reboot sederhana komputer Anda bisa menjadi jawabannya.


Terkadang pembaruan tidak dapat mengunduh dan menginstal karena memiliki ketergantungan yang terkunci hingga saat Windows memuat berikutnya. Mungkin juga perlu pembaruan lain untuk menyelesaikan pemasangan terlebih dahulu, tetapi itu tidak akan dilakukan sampai Anda memulai ulang berikutnya.

If you open the Start Menu and then the power button, you might see “Update and then restart” as an option. This is a sure sign that there are pending updates that require a restart before things can continue.


Are Your Update Settings Correct?


If you don’t spot and errors and yet your copy of Windows doesn’t seem to be updating itself, it might just be that your update settings are misconfigured:

 1. Open the Start Menu.

 2. Type Windows Update Settings and then select it when it appears.


Check whether your updates have been paused or whether your active hours are set to your preferences.


Choose Advanced Options to see more configuration choices. If you’ve set your internet connection to “metered” you’ll have to toggle the switch that allows updates to be downloaded over metered connections. Just make sure you’re willing to pay those data charges, if any.


Try the Update Troubleshooter


Microsoft knows that its update system can go off the rails from time to time, so they’ve actually included a dedicated tool in Windows to find and fix problems with Windows Update. Here’s how to run it:

 1. Open the Start Menu and select the Settings cog.

 2. Now choose Update & Security.


 3. Choose Troubleshoot and then Additional troubleshooters.


 4. Finally, under Get up and running choose Windows Update and Run the troubleshooter.


 5. Follow the on-screen instructions.


The Update Troubleshooter can often resolve minor issues with Windows Update without you needing to do anything further.


For Windows 7 and 8.1 Try the Online Wizard


While this article largely focuses on Windows 10 update woes, there are still plenty of people out there on older versions of Windows. If you’re still on Windows 7 your main update issues probably stem from the fact that support for Windows 7 ended on January 14 2020.


The same goes for Windows 8, which has been dropped for 8.1. Rather than wrangling any further, we strongly suggest taking the plunge and upgrading to a newer version of Windows.


If you do want to forge ahead, Microsoft has provided a neat online guided troubleshooter which will ask you a series of questions to help narrow down the probable causes of your issues.


You Might Simply Be Out of Space


When Windows downloads and installs an update it needs hard drive space and lots of it! After all, it has to download the update data, it needs working space to update files and it also has to store backups so that you can roll back problematic updates.


If you don’t have enough space for Windows Update to do its thing, start off by heading over to 7 Ways to Create More Disk Space in Windows 10 to create a little more breathing room.



Delete the Software Distribution Files


The files that Windows update works with are kept in a software distribution directory. One mildly-nuclear option is to simply delete this folder. You can’t do it while the Windows Update service is running, so reboot into Safe Mode and do the following:

 1. Open your Windows folder in Windows Explorer.

 2. Select the SoftwareDistribution folder.

 3. Delete the entire folder.

 4. Restart Windows normally.


This won’t harm your computer in any way and force the Windows Update service to rebuild the update working files from scratch.


Check Your System Files for Corruption


According to some user reports, it seems that corrupted or missing system files can throw a wrench into your update process and cause Windows update errors. There are various reasons why system files become lost or corrupt, but what matters is how easy the problem is resolved. Windows comes with a utility known as the System File Checker.


For exact instructions on how to make sure your system files are in good shape check out Use These Command Prompt Commands to Fix or Repair Corrupt Files. You’d think that the Windows Update utility could take care of this by itself, but it seems a manual helping hand is sometimes required.


Make Sure Hardware Drivers are Up To Date


While Windows Update can update most things by itself, some third-party hardware drivers and utilities are not under its control. If it’s been a long time since you’ve updated your GPU drivers or any other important component, it may be preventing the latest Windows update.


Auditing all of your drivers can be tedious, but there are tools you can use to automate and smooth out the process. Driver Booster is one free tool that we’ve had good experiences with. You may also want to have a look at How To Automatically Update Device Drivers In Windows 10.


Try Rolling Back Your Last Update


Your latest update might be failing because your last update went wrong somehow. You get a 10-day Window within which you can roll back the changes made by the last update. This means chances are you won’t be allowed to do this anymore when the next update comes along, but if a bugged update is shortly followed by a fix you may have to do this under some circumstances.

 1. Open the Start Menu.

 2. Type Windows Update Settings and then open it when it appears.

 3. Select Recovery from the sidebar.

 4. Look for Go back to the previous version of Windows 10.


 5. Select Get Started if available.


Now just follow the instructions. If you’re too late, there is another way to get rid of specific updates by directly uninstalling them.


Uninstall Specific Updates


You can remove unwanted or problematic updates directly in Windows 10. It’s very easy, although we do caution you to be sure that a specific update is the issue. For example, if many other users are reporting that update is interfering with Windows Update or is otherwise bugged. Here’s how to remove updates:

 1. Open the Control Panel.

 2. Select Programs.

 3. Select View installed updates.


You should see a list of installed updates that can be removed. Not every update will be here, but some updates should appear. Simply right-click on any update you want gone and select Uninstall.


Manually Download and Install Updates


While the automatic update service is convenient, sometimes you just have to do things yourself. Many users may not even be aware that Microsoft offers its cumulative updates as independent downloads. When you think about it, that makes perfect sense.


Since not all computers running Windows 10 have adequate internet access. Some users also have multiple computers to update and an offline installer makes it unnecessary to download the same update data for every computer.


To manually download and install a Windows 10 update, head over to the Microsoft Update Catalog and then type in the KB number of the latest update. You can find the KB number by Googling for it.


Then simply press the Download button for the relevant update and install it as you would any downloaded application.


Perform a Repair Install of Windows


If you’re really out of ideas, you can actually use the Windows 10 installer to repair your installation of Windows without losing any files or programs. All you have to do is start the setup process from your Windows 10 media. If you don’t have Windows 10 media, you can download it for free from Microsoft.


When asked, choose to “upgrade” your installation of Windows and then choose to keep your files and programs. This can go wrong in some cases, so please consider it something of a last resort.


Hook Up With Microsoft Support


If all else fails, you can always take a little time out to speak with someone from Microsoft Support. In our experience their chat support is fast and efficient. The consultants can even take over control of your computer and quickly diagnose and rectify issues.


This is especially useful if the reason your last Windows update failed is down to a known problem that Microsoft themselves have to resolve from their end. The consultant will let you know if there’s nothing more you can do, so you can get on with more important things.


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